A lot has been said about what is ancient and modern witchcraft, so today we will put in your hands a small article that we believe is useful to understand witchcraft better.
Witchcraft is the exercise or invocation of supernatural powers to control people or events, practices typically involve sorcery or magic. Although it is defined differently in different historical and cultural contexts, witchcraft has often been seen, especially in the West, as the work of witches who meet secretly at night, enjoy the rites of cannibalism and orgiastic with the Devil, and perform black magic. Witchcraft as society views it, exists more in imagination than in any objective reality. However, this stereotype has a long history and has constituted for many cultures a viable explanation of evil in the world.
Scholars tend to reject contemporary witchcraft (known as “Wicca”), at the heart of neo-paganism, as a silly thing. Wicca sympathizers worship the Nature Godess, they practice ceremonial magic, invoke the help of the gods, and celebrate Halloween, the summer solstice and the winter equinox.
At the beginning of the 21st century, perhaps a few hundred thousand people (mostly in North America and Great Britain) practiced Wicca and Neo-paganism, a modern Western reconstruction of pre-Christian religions based on the diversity of religions Polytheists around the world to create a new and diverse religious movement. The rise of contemporary witchcraft or Wicca and Neo-paganism is due in part to increased religious tolerance and syncretism, a growing awareness of the symbology of the unconscious, the decline of Christianity, the popularity of fantasy and science fiction, The growth of feminism and relativist theory, and the emphasis on individuality and subjectivity versus intellectual coherence and social values. Although Neo-Paganism incorporates the emotional relationship and ritual practices associated with religion in its tradition, many Neopagan prefer to think of themselves as the practice of magic rather than religion, and although their emphasis is on opening up to occult powers through rites and songs, or charms, most do not call themselves “witches.”
Both Wiccans and neo-pagans also have strong ecological and environmental interests, worshiping the Goddess and other deities, and celebrating the change of season with elaborate rituals. Whether magic or religion, these groups reject intellectual coherence and objectivity in favor of personal experience and reject traditional science and religion.
Although some Wiccans claim to be part of the “old ways” and “ancient tradition,” religion is something new. Wicca is creative, imaginative and totally a creation of the twentieth century, unrelated to ancient paganism or the so-called “witches” of the witch-hunt. No cult of the “Goddess” played a significant role in Western culture between antiquity and the twentieth century. Contemporary witchcraft or Wicca, in fact, originated around 1939 by an Englishman, Gerald Gardner, who builds it from the works of the wizard Aleister Crowley, the “ancient” document Aradia (1899), the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn and other movements of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Murray Margaret The Witch-Cult in Western Europe (1921) and the article “Witchcraft” in the 14th edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica (1929), which put forward in its most popular form its theory that witches of Western Europe Were the persistent followers of a pagan religion in general who had once been displayed, though not quite, by Christianity.